When cancer starts in the cervix, it is called cervical cancer. All women are at risk for cervical cancer. It occurs most often in women over age 30. Long-lasting infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer. Screening tests and the HPV vaccine can help prevent cervical cancer. Receiving the HPV vaccine for girls between 9 and 45 years old can also be helpful. When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life.
Generally, early-stage cervical cancer does not generate any signs or symptoms. However, during the advanced stage of cervical cancer, there are some signs and symptoms including:
When healthy cells in the cervix changes start to exist (mutations) in the DNA, cervical cancer begins. A cell’s DNA carries the directions that inform a cell what to do.
Healthy cells start to grow and multiply at an adjusted rate, in the end, die at a set time. The mutations inform the cells to grow and multiply uncontrollably, and they continue to live. Increasing abnormal cells form a tumor. Cancer cells occupy nearby tissues and can separate from a tumor to spread (metastasize) in other parts of the body.
There is no clear view on what causes cervical cancer, but it is definite that Human Papillomavirus (HPV) plays a role in causing cervical cancer. HPV’s very common, and people who get infected with this virus generates a chance of developing cancer. Other factors such as your environment or your lifestyle also decide whether you will get cervical cancer.
Two main types of cervical cancer help you to determine the course of a disease and the treatment requirements are:
In some cases, both types of cells get involved in cervical cancer. Exceptionally, cancer occurs in other cells in the cervix.
Going for regular screenings to find any cancerous cells can help to prevent cervical cancer and treat them. Receiving the HPV vaccine can also be helpful.
This HPV vaccine used to prevent cervical cancer caused by HPV for people between 9 and 45 years old. This vaccine can prevent the infection caused by HPV16, HPV18, and 5 other types of HPV related to cancer.
To help prevent cervical cancer, girls are recommended to receive the HPV vaccination. Consult a health care provider about the suitable schedule for vaccination as it may differ based on several factors, including age and vaccine availability.
People can take some additional actions to help prevent cervical cancer including:
The chance to survive for at least five years after getting diagnosed with cervical cancer:
Stage 1 – 80-99%
Stage 2 – 60-90%
Stage 3 – 30-50%
Stage 4 – 20%
On average, cervical cancer treatment costs about $10000 to $30000 per month. In India, the cervical cancer treatment modalities i.e. radiotherapy, brachytherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery, ranges from Rs. 74000 to Rs. 222000.